Selected Resources and Regulations
How to Reduce Bee Poisoning from Pesticides
Oregon State Beekeepers Association Resources
There are many excellent resources of information on honey bees. The materials listed are in addition to regional research information provided on this site and are given a start for exploring that very large (and growing) body of work.
American Beekeeping Federation: http://www.abfnet.org
California State Beekeepers Association: http://www.californiastatebeekeepers.com
Eastern Apicultural Society: http://www.easternapiculture.org
Honey Producers: http://www.americanhoneyproducers.org
Idaho State Beekeepers Association: http://www.idabees.org
National Honey Board: http://www.nhb.org, http://www.honey.com
Washington State Beekeepers Association: http://www.wasba.org
Western Apicultural Society: http://ucanr.edu/sites/was2
True Source Honey: http://www.truesourcehoney.com
Organizations and Programs
Bee Informed Partnership: http://beeinformed.org
Cooperative Extension System and many Local Institutions:
The University of Florida Honey Bee Research & Extension Lab: http://entnemdept.ifas.ufl.edu/honeybee/extension/index.shtml
The University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Managed Pollinator Coordinated Agricultural Project: http://www.beeccdcap.uga.edu
The University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Honey Bee Program: http://www.ent.uga.edu/bees/beekeeping.html
International Bee Research Association: http://www.ibra.org.uk
Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium: https://agdev.anr.udel.edu/maarec
National Pesticide Information Center: http://npic.orst.edu
North Carolina State University Apiculture Program: http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/entomology/apiculture
Oregon Master Beekeeper Program: http://www.oregonmasterbeekeeper.org
Oregon State University Honey Bee Lab: http://honeybeelab.oregonstate.edu
Pollinator Partnership—North American Pollinator Protection Campaign:
Scientific Beekeeping—Beekeeping Through a Biologist’s Eyes (Randy Oliver):
Washington Master Beekeeper Program
The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation http://www.xerces.org
Harry H. Laidlaw Jr. Honey Bee Research Facility
Oregon State University Honey Bee Lab
The USDA-ARS (http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/main.htm) sponsors five bee research labs (though the one in Texas will be closing soon), each with own website:
Honey Bee Breeding, Genetics, and Physiology Research at Baton Rouge, Louisiana: http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=64-13-30-00
Beltsville Agricultural Research Center at Beltsville, Maryland: http://ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-45-00-00
Pollinating Insects - Biology, Management and Systematics Research Unit at Logan, Utah: http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/docs.htm?docid=5609
Carl Hayden Bee Research Center at Tucson, Arizona: http://ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=53-42-03-00
Kika de la Garza Subtropical Agricultural Research Center at Weslaco, Texas: http://ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=62-04-00-00
Beekeeping Journals and Newsletters
American Bee Journal: http://www.americanbeejournal.com
Apis Newsletter: http://apis.shorturl.com
Bee Culture: http://www.beeculture.com
from the UC Apiaries: http://entomology.ucdavis.edu/Faculty/Eric_C_Mussen/Apiculture_Newsletter
Journal of Apicultural Research: http://www.ibra.org.uk/categories/jar
Journal of Apicultural Science: http://www.jas.org.pl
Books and Other Publications
Note: Suggestions for places to search for materials listed with limited availability include, but are not limited to: Bee Culture, Dadant & Sons, GloryBee Foods, Ruhl Bee Supply, and Wicwas Press. Additional sites are noted in the individual listings for some of the less easily found resources. Libraries also provide a good source of materials, especially for those listed with very limited availability. Most of the annotations to materials are as provided by Ann Harman and Dewey Caron.
Dade, H.A. 2009. Anatomy and Dissection of the Honeybee. International Bee Research Association. (Limited availability. See also: International Bee Research Association.) A book in two parts: One-half anatomy and one-half detailed dissection instructions.
Blackiston, H. 2009. Beekeeping for Dummies (second edition). For Dummies.
Connor, L.J. 2009. Queen Rearing Essentials. Wicwas Press. How to increase with nucs. divides, etc.
Flottum, Kim. 2010. The Backyard Beekeeper: An Absolute Beginner's Guide to Keeping Bees in Your Yard and Garden (revised and updated). Quarry Books. A book for beginning beekeepers.
Gary, Norman. 2010. Honey Bee Hobbyist: The Care and Keeping of Bees. Hobby Farm Press. (Kindle edition, 2011.)
Rose, J.R. 2010. Beekeeping in Coastal California. The California Bee Company. (Limited availability. See: California Bee Company.) Information relevant to beekeeping on coastal Oregon.
Sanford, M.T. and R.E. Bonney. 2010. Storey’s Guide to Keeping Honey Bees: Honey Production, Pollination, Bee Health. Storey Publishing, LLC. Guide book with up-to-date information.
Bee Biology and Beekeeping
Caron, D.M. and L. Connor. 2013. Honey Bee Biology and Beekeeping (revised edition). Wicwas Press. (Earlier edition also okay.) Most up-to-date and comprehensive biology and beekeeping together.
Conrad, R. 2013 (second edition). Natural Beekeeping: Organic Approaches to Modern Apiculture. Chelsea Green Publishing.
Mattingly, R.L. 2012. Honey-Maker: How the Honey Bee Worker Does What She Does. Beargrass Press. (Limited availability. See also: Beargrass Press.) Excellent combination of anatomy and function—bees as bees really are.
Sammataro, D. and A. Avitabile. 2011. The Beekeeper’s Handbook (fourth edition). Comstock Publishing Associates. A well-illustrated book, very useful for beginning beekeepers; third edition okay, but less on mites.
Seeley, T.D. 2010. Honeybee Democracy. Princeton University Press. Great coverage of how social honey bees function as superorganisms.
Starr, G. 1997. The Honey Factory. Gordon Starr. (Limited availability. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.) Searchable CD, designed to cover beekeeping from winter work building equipment right on through the year, step by step each month/season.
Winston, M.L. 1991. The Biology of the Honey Bee. Harvard University Press. Excellent book, a classic but still relevant.
Coggshall, W.L. and R.A. Morse. 1984. Beeswax: Production, Harvesting, Processing and Products. Wicwas Press. Best resource available.
von Frisch, K. 1967. The Dance Language and Orientation of Bees. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. (Very limited availability.)
von Frisch, K. 1973. Decoding the Language of the Bee. Nobel Lecture. December 12, 1973: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1973/frisch-lecture.pdf
Diseases and Pests
Frazier, M. 2005. A Field Guide to Honey Bees and their Maladies. Penn State Extension. (Limited availability. See also (with pdf available for limited personal use): http://pubs.cas.psu.edu/PubTitle.asp?varTitle=field+guide+to+honey+bees&Submit=Go
Excellent field guide with great illustrative pictures.
Because of rapidly increasing research findings into diseases and pests of honey bees, the following books cannot be considered current. Little on viruses or CCD/PMS.
Morse, R. and K. Flottum. 1998. Honey Bee Pests, Predators and Diseases. Wicwas Press. (Limited availability.)
Shimanuki, H., and D.A. Knox. 2000. Diagnosis of Honey Bee Diseases. USDA ARS Agriculture Handbook 690: http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/np/honeybeediseases/honeybeediseases.pdf
Great handbook loaded with useful information, including lab confirmation of disease.
Webster, T. and K. Delaplane. Eds. 2001. Mites of the Honey Bee. Dadant & Sons. Rapidly getting dated, but still good basics.
Carson, R. 2002. Silent Spring. Houghton Mifflin Company. (Anniversary edition; other editions also available.) Must be read—at least once—still relevant information about dangers of pesticides.
Longgood, W. 1998. The Queen Must Die: And Other Affairs of Bees and Men. W.W. Norton & Company.
Miller, C.C. 1911. Fifty Years Among the Bees. The A.I. Root Company. (Numerous print versions available): http://www.soilandhealth.org/03sov/0302hsted/030208miller/030408miller.pdf
Morse, R.A. 1983. A Year in the Beeyard: An Expert's Month-by-Month Instructions for Successful Beekeeping. Scribner. (Very limited availability.) One of the very best annual beekeeping year’s discussions.
Bishop, H. 2006. Robbing the Bees: A Biography of Honey—The Sweet Liquid Gold that Seduced the World. Atria Books.
Flottum, Kim. 2009. The Backyard Beekeeper’s Honey Handbook: A Guide to Creating, Harvesting, and Cooking with Natural Honeys. Quarry Books. Comprehensive information about honey.
Killion, E.E. 1989. Honey in the Comb. Dadant & Sons. (Limited availability.) The art of producing excellent comb honey—a classic, but still useful.
Burgett, D.M., B.A. Stringer, and L.D. Johnston. 1989. Nectar and Pollen Plants of Oregon and the Pacific Northwest. Honeystone Press. (Limited availability.) Best regional guide.
Lovell, J.H. 1926. Honey Plants of North America. A.I. Root Company. Medina, Ohio. (Limited availability.)
Aston, D. and S. Bucknall. 2010. Plants and Honey Bees: Their Relationships. Non Basic Stock Line. (Other editions available, also.) A highly recommended and comprehensive book detailing flowers and their relationships with honey bees.
Jahns, T.R., D.M. Burgett, and G.D. Jolliff. April 1997. Pollination and Seed Set in Meadowfoam. EM 8666: http://hdl.handle.net/1957/20038
Good basic information on this crop and how to determine pollination requirements.
Mader, E., M. Spivak, and E. Evans. 2010. Managing Alternative Pollinators: A Handbook for Beekeepers, Growers and Conservationists. SARE Handbook 11. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service. Link to pdf for limited personal use:
Comprehensive coverage of all pollinators, but little on honey bees.
McGregor, S.E. 1976. Insect Pollination of Cultivated Crop Plants: The First and Only Virtual Beekeeping Book Updated Contin[u]ously. Additions listed by crop and date:
Pendergrass, K., M. Vaughan, and J. Williams. 2008. Plants for Pollinators in Oregon. USDA NRCS Technical Note, Plant Materials No. 13:
Coverage of all the basics—mainly non-honey bees.
Sagili, R.R. and D.M. Burgett. January 2011. Evaluating Honey Bee Colonies for Pollination: A Guide for Commercial Growers and Beekeepers. PNW 623:
Practical basic information on colony rental, contracts and how to evaluate colonies.
USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2005. Native Pollinators. Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management Leaflet Number 34:
Vaughan, M., M. Shepherd, C. Kremen, and S.H. Black. 2004. Farming for Bees: Guidelines for Providing Native Bee Habitat on Farms. The Xerces Society:
http://www.xerces. org/Pollinator_Insect_Conservation/Farm_ Pollinator_Guidelines.pdf
Connor, L.J. 2008. Bee Sex Essentials. Wicwas Press. Discusses queens, drones, mating, and some genetics.
Connor, L.J. 2009. Queen Rearing Essentials. Wicwas Press. A companion book to Bee Sex Essentials. Covers grafting and the steps to raising queens.
Morse, R. 1993. Rearing Queen Honey Bees (second edition). Wicwas Press. Excellent coverage of basics of queen rearing.
Spivak, M. and G. Reuter. 1994. Successful Queen Rearing Manual. Minnesota University Press. (Limited availability.) Good description of the Doolittle method.
Riedl, H., E. Johansen, L. Brewer, and J. Barbour. How to Reduce Bee Poisoning from Pesticides. A Pacific Northwest Extension Publication: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/pdf/pnw/pnw591.pdf
Soon to be revised—the “bible” of everything about bees and pesticides.
Mader, E., M. Spivak, and E. Evans. 2010. Managing Alternative Pollinators: A Handbook for Beekeepers, Growers and Conservationists. SARE Handbook 11. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service. Also available for limited personal use:
Comprehensive coverage of all pollinators, but little on honey bees.
Grout, R.A. 1992. The Hive and the Honey Bee (revised edition). Dadant & Sons.
Root, A.I. (and others). The ABC & XYZ of Bee Culture (forty-first edition). 2007. A.I. Root Company.
The Hive and the Honey Bee: Selections from the E.F. Phillips Beekeeping Collection at Mann Library: http://bees.library.cornell.edu
USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service Plants Database: http://plants.usda.gov/java
BEE-L Community ListServ Home Page: http://www.bee-l.org
Beesource Online Community: http://www.beesource.com
Honey Bee Suite—A Better Way to Bee: http://www.honeybeesuite.com
State of Oregon
Oregon Bulletin, March 1, 2012. Department of Agriculture, Chapter 603
603-051-0366 Standard of Identity for honey, 603-051-0370 Types and styles of honey, 603-051-0375 Grades, 603-051-0390 Color, 603-051-0395 Labeling Requirements:
Oregon Laws—Farm direct marketing rules: http://www.oregonlaws.org/ors/616.686(See also: HB2336 Oregon Farm Direct, reprinted from: The Bee Line, January–February 2012)
Oregon Laws—Regulatory exemption for sales location and farm direct marketer of certain agricultural products: http://www.oregonlaws.org/ors/616.683
Oregon Revised Statutes (2011 Edition), Chapter 602 Bees: http://www.leg.state.or.us/ors/602.html
County in Oregon
Multnomah County: http://web.multco.us/health/animal-codes
(Print versions for download: Multnomah County Animal Codes, Specified Animal Permit Application, and Petition for Bees.)
City in Oregon
See a contact list by location of beekeepers who collect swarms of honeybees.
See a contact list of beekeepers who provide pollination services.
Download the the Farm Direct Rules PDF daoument.
Download the OSBA Membership form.
Download the Oregon Dept of Agriculture Hive Registration form.
View or download the Endowment Agreement with Oregon State University.
View instructions for donating to the OSU Endowment for the Northwest Apiculture Fund for Honey Bee Research, Extension and Education.
Many of the forms and documents on this site require the Adobe Acrobat Reader software. It is available for download for free at www.adobe.com.